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The Different Types of Pruning Shears
Pruning shears are scissors that you use on plants and trees. They are used to prune small branches of shrubs, harvest fruit/vegetables, and shape unsightly shrubs. This garden tool is use by professional gardeners, landscapers, farmers, and horticultural specialists. They use them to cut back dead parts of the plants, removing diseased sections, and to dead head a plant.
Even if you do not own a large garden but just have a few plants and trees in your yard, Having a good pair of pruning shares can come in handy. Just like the professionals, pruning is a necessary part of garden and yard maintenance.
Depending on what type of pruning shares you have, they can come in handy for cutting other items such as tie downs and zip ties.
Types of Pruning Shears
There are several different types of pruning shears to choose from and few more to choose from in sub categories. Choosing the right pruning shears for the job will make this task much easier for you.
Pruning shares, also called hand shears, are used to cut through the small stems and branches. You can cut through small branches up to 3/4 inches in diameter. These type of pruners are good for pruning roses, vegetable plants, and many other small plants.
- Bypass Pruner – are a type of hand shear have an sharpened upper blade that “passes by” the unsharpened lower hook when the cut is completed. This type of cut causes less crushing damage to the plant. With the way the lower hook is designed, the cutting edge can be placed in a way that the crushing side of the pruner is on the part of the plant to be discarded. The bypass pruner are the easiest pruners to use and is recommended for new gardeners still learning to make proper pruning cuts to their plants and trees.
- Anvil Pruner – have a single sharp blade that come down on a heavy flat edge.Think of a knife on a cutting board. These pruners can cut through thicker, woody branches with even pressure on each side. Since the anvil pruner makes contact on both sides of the branch, the bark on the living side of the cut branch is damaged and leaving the plant exposed.
- Thinning Shears – are small scissors or scissor like pruners designed to cut delicate, small plant structures, and shaping plants. Generally used to cut spent flowers and Bonsai trees.
Commonly called loppers, are used to cut branches and stems up to 1 3/4 inches in diameters. If you have small trees such as crape myrtles that have larger branches, these shares will come handy. Loppers have larger handles that will give the user more leverage and reach to make it easier to cut those larger branches. These pruners are available as anvil pruners and bypass pruners.
Also called hedge trimmers or hedge clippers, are only good for trimming up hedges. The blades are long scissor-like blades that come with long handles. The scissor-like blades make long and straight cuts that could through several branches at the same time. Hedge trimmers are used to shape new growth on formal shaped hedges. You would use these types of pruners on a hedge of boxwoods.